The forces that shape our academic world have been drastically disrupted by the arrival of the Internet, both because of the changes in the creation and diffusion of knowledge and because of the ease with which works can be borrowed, either wholesale or in an altered form.
These irreversible transformations can be broadly categorized as follows:
The growth of knowledge production practices that are connected, collective and collaborative.
The explosion of specialized, legitimized spheres for producing information and knowledge.
An excess of information, a difficulty in distinguishing information from knowledge and in identifying relevant, reliable and high-quality information and knowledge that is appropriate for the demands of academic work.
An obsolescence of information and knowledge and an immediacy brought about by the updating made possible by information technology.
A supremacy of quantified evaluation indices (citation indices) and journal and institution rankings, which is producing an ever-greater pressure to publish.
An absence of legal, academic, administrative and editorial frameworks appropriate for the new challenges, which is leading to a rapid rise in breaches of academic integrity and scientific fraud and plagiarism.
The forces acting on our professions inevitably lead to the most susceptible among our colleagues to slide from negligent conduct to amoral conduct and then to outright fraudulent conduct. The absence of a firm response to these breaches of integrity could lead brilliant colleagues and research partners to feel discouraged and abandon the profession.
The speed of transformation will lead to a weakening of our system of publishing and evaluating research, and as a result also of evaluating applications in the recruitment or promotion of research professors.
Name of presentation
Topic 1 Academia
Professor, University of Coimbra, Portugal
(Team: Ana Seixas, Denise Esteves, Filipe Almeida, Paulo Gama and Paulo Peixoto)
The main types of academic fraud: how to identify them in order to contain them
Emeritus director of research, responsible for deontology at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, Paris, France
Instituting a policy on research ethics at the level of a research institution
Consultant on scientific writing, former Associate Professor of Public Health, Paris, France
Scientific journals vs. institutions in the management of bad practices
Policy and law
Research Integrity Officer, FNR, Luxembourg.
A research funding agency’s approach: the experience of the Luxembourg National Research Fund
Former general secretary of the French Digital Council
Towards an international legal framework for Wikis and online platforms
Professor emeritus, former chief of surgery
Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
Professor, Ecole Polytechnique Paris, Member of the Executive Board of Arcep, France
Plagiarism, fraud and academic ethics: what tools and bodies should be created… and how?
Member of the SGS Committee on Corruption Prevention Services, Auditor and senior consultant for SGS – Geneva, Switzerland
Certification by the SGS and the anti-plagiarism program
Michelle Bergadaà Professor, School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva, Director of the site Responsable.unige.ch
Protocol of assessment and recommendations when complaints of plagiarism are filed
Topic 4 Information technology
Nada Sayarh Doctoral student, School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva, Switzerland
A collaborative platform dedicated to plagiarism and scientific fraud: a netnographic analysis